Key Expository Writing Standards by Grade Level

Grade K: Writing Standards

1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write words and brief sentences that are legible going from left to right and top to bottom.


Grade 1: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea.
1.1 Select a focus when writing.
1.2 Use descriptive words when writing.
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write compositions that describe and explain familiar objects, events, and experiences.
2.2 Write brief expository descriptions of a real object, person, place, or event, using sensory details.
1.0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions
1.1 Write and speak in complete, coherent sentences.

Grade 2: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea.
1.1 Group related ideas and maintain a consistent focus.
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Characteristics)
Students write compositions that describe and explain familiar objects, events, and experiences.
1.0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions
1.1 Distinguish between complete and incomplete sentences.
1.2 Recognize and use the correct word order in written sentences.
1.0 Listening and Speaking Strategies
1.9 Report on a topic with supportive facts and details.

Grade 3: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea.
1.1 Create a single paragraph:
a. Develop a topic sentence.
b. Include simple supporting facts and details.
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write compositions that describe and explain familiar objects, events, and experiences.
2.2 Write descriptions that use concrete sensory details to present and support unified impressions of people, places, things, or experiences.
1.0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions
1.1 Understand and be able to use complete and correct declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in writing and speaking.
1.4 Identify and use subjects and verbs correctly in speaking and writing simple sentences.

Grade 4: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea.
1.1 Select a focus, an organizational structure, and a point of view based upon purpose, audience, length, and format requirements.
1.2 Create multiple-paragraph compositions:
a. Provide an introductory paragraph.
b. Establish and support a central idea with a topic sentence at or near the beginning of the first paragraph.
c. Include supporting paragraphs with simple facts, details, and explanations.
d. Conclude with a paragraph that summarizes the points.
e. Use correct indentation.
1.3 Use traditional structures for conveying information (e.g. chronological order, cause and effect, similarity and difference, posing and answering a question).
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write compositions that describe and explain familiar objects, events, and experiences.

1.0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions
1.1 Use simple and compound sentences in writing and speaking.
1.2 Combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases.

Grade 5: Writing Standards 
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The essays contains a formal introduction, supporting evidence, and a conclusion.

1.2  Create multiple-paragraph expository compositions:
a. Establish a topic, important ideas, or events in sequence or chronological order.
b. Provide details and transitional expressions that link one paragraph to another in a clear line of thought.
c. Offer a concluding paragraph that summarizes important ideas an details.

Grade 6: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The essays contains a formal introduction, supporting evidence, and a conclusion.
1.2 Create multiple-paragraph expository compositions:
a. Engage the interest of the reader and state a clear purpose.
b. Develop the topic with supporting details and precise verbs, nouns, and adjectives to paint a visual image in the mind of the reader.
c. Conclude with a detailed summmary linked to the purpose of the composition.
1.3 Use a variety of effective and coherent organizational patterns, including comparison and contrast; organization by categories; and arrangement by spatial order, order of importance, or climactic order.
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write narrative, expository, persuasive, and descriptive texts of at least 500-700 words in each genre.
2.2 Write expository compositions (e.g. description, explanation, comparison and contrast, problem and solution):
a. State the thesis or purpose.
b. Explain the situation.
c. Follow an organizational pattern appropriate to the type of composition.
d. Offer persuasive evidence to validate arguments and conclusions as needed.

Grade 7: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The essays contains a formal introduction, supporting evidence, and a conclusion.
1.1 Creare an organizational structure that balances all aspects of the composition and uses effectrive transitions between sentences to unify important ideas.
1.2 Support all statements and claims with anecdotes, descriptions, facts and statistics, and specific examples.
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write narrative, expository, persuasive, and descriptive texts of at least 500-700 words in each genre.

Grade 8: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear, coherent, and focused essays. The essays contains a formal introduction, supporting evidence, and a conclusion.
1.1 Create compositions that establish a controlling impression, having a coherent thesis, and end with a clear and well-supported conclusion.
1.2 Establish coherence within and among paragraphs through effecitve transitions, parallel structures, and similar writing techniques.
1.3 Support theses or conclusions with analogies, paraphrases, quotations, opinions from authorities, comparisons, and similar devices.
1.6 Revise writing for word choice; appropriate organization; consistent point of view; and transitions between paragraphs, passages, and ideas.

Grades 9-10: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write coherent and focused essays that convey a well-defined perspective and tightly reasoned argument.
1.1 Establish a controlling impressions or coherent thesis that conveys a clear and distinctive perspective on the subject and maintain a consistent tone and focus throughout the piece of writing.
1.2 Use precise langauge, actino verbs, sensory details, appropriate modifiers, and the active rather than the passive voice.
1.4 Develop the main ideas within the body of the composition through supporting evidence (e.g. scenarios, commonly held beliefs, hypotheses, definitions).
2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students combine the rhetorical strategies of narration, exposition, persuasion, and description to produce texts of at least 1,500 words each.
2.3 Write expository compositions, including analytical essays and research reports.
a. Provide evidence in support of a thesis and related claims, including information on all relevant perspectives.
b. Convey information and ideas from primary and secondary sources accurately and coherently.
e. Anticipate and address readers' potential misunderstandings, biases, and expectations.

Grades 11-12: Writing Standards
1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write coherent and focused essays that convey a well-defined perspective and tightly reasoned argument.
1.3 Structure ideas and arguments in a sustained, persuasive, and sophisticated way and supor them with precise and relevant examples.
1.9 Revise text to highlight the individual voice, improve sentence variety and style, and enhance subtlety of meaning and tone in ways that are consistent with the purpose, audience, and genre.