What Is Narrative Writing?
Narrative writing can tell about a personal event, the events of another person, or the events of a fictional story. The narration needs to have a narrator, include the characters and the setting, write about the events that follow each other in order, use a tone (happy, sad, serious, funny), use language that is clear and specific, include details to make the story interesting, and use correct conventions (capitalization, grammar, punctuation, and spelling). The writer needs to use a voice that connects with the audience.

When Is Narrative Writing Used?
Narrative writing can be used to give information, to communicate a personal reflection, and to entertain. 

Information

Sometimes events lead to a lot of information learned. The information learned from the events can be explained in a narration. 

Personal Reflection

Sometimes events can be recounted in a narration for the purpose of reflecting on the life lessons learned.

Entertain
Sometimes events are so compelling that there is a desire to write a narrative about them. The events can be real or fiction, and can entertain because they are funny.   

Narrative Essays Are Multi-Paragraph
--There is an attention-getting introduction that presents the topic and the writer's position (thesis) in a compelling way. The introduction might also present the writer's main ideas in support of their position (thesis) in order to "frame" the scope and breadth of the concepts presented in the body paragraphs.
--There are body paragraphs that present the main events and details in support of the writer's position (thesis). The main ideas are supported with examples/details/facts that are relevant and interesting.
--The events must be presented in order and in a way that makes sense to the reader.
--The concluding paragraph is where the writer concludes the events of the narration and ties the conclusion back to the thesis in the introduction.

Types of Narrative Writing Include:
Autobiographies
Biographies
Literature
Personal Narratives
Newspaper and Magazine Articles